Mechanism of Action
Sparsentan, a Dual Endothelin Angiotensin Receptor Antagonist (DEARA), is a novel investigational product candidate selectively targeting the endothelin A receptor (ETAR) and the angiotensin II subtype 1 receptor (AT1R).1 Pre-clinical data have shown that blockade of both endothelin type A and angiotensin II type 1 pathways in forms of rare chronic kidney disease, reduces proteinuria, protects podocytes and prevents glomerulosclerosis and mesangial cell proliferation.2
Proteinuria is a standard measure of disease activity, and a predictor of and contributor to disease progression in FSGS.3,4
The goal of the sparsentan program for FSGS is to develop a well-tolerated, safe and effective treatment that sustainably reduces proteinuria and protects the long-term health of kidneys in people living with FSGS.
FSGS can be characterized by an aggressive clinical course. 50% of patients with nephrotic-range proteinuria who do not reach remission or partial remission will require kidney transplant or dialysis within 5-10 years of diagnosis.5
Patients who are steroid resistant are at a significantly higher risk of disease progression and kidney failure.5,6 For those with primary FSGS (not secondary to another condition) who undergo kidney transplantation, FSGS recurs in the transplanted kidney in approximately one-third of patients.7